No estimates, No speculation, No crystal ball gazing!

You are looking for first-hand information about how to plan like a pro and make promises you can keep?

Learn from David J. Anderson, pioneer of the Kanban Method and thought leader in managing effective technology development. He leads a consulting, training and publishing business dedicated to developing, promoting and implementing sustainable evolutionary approaches for management of knowledge workers.

  • Instructor led
  • Certification of attendance
  • 1 day
  • public

SPECIAL OFFER Get a 30% discount on every APPS day by entering this code when booking your training:1629568961133e43b3563a90615596

Sie lernen

There are 3 key objectives to this class:
  • Learning to forecast individual item delivery, setting appropriate expectations and creating Service Level Agreements (SLAs) for lead times
  • Learning to forecast projects or batches of work and monitor them while in progress
  • Learning how to validate forecasting models and modify them appropriately based upon feedback and real-world experience
  • Learning to forecast aggregations of work such as projects and minimal marketable product features (MMFs):
    • Understanding mode, median and mean and how the shape and tail of the distribution affect it – known mathematical ratios/patterns of mode or median to tail
    • Using sanity checks and “napkin forecasts” with techniques such as Little’s Law
    • Knowing when it is appropriate to use regression to the mean and how many data points are required for forecasts made using the mean to be meaningful
    • Learning the difference between “mediocristan” and “extemistan”
    • Understanding the exponential function as the inflection point in distribution functions
    • Understanding the three distribution domain areas of Pareto (“extremistan”), super-exponential, and Gaussian (both “mediocristan”) and knowing why the super-exponential region is a project forecasting sweetspot
    • Learning how to manage to keep real world results in the sweetspot, super-exponential lead time range
    • Understanding Cumulative Flow Diagrams (CFDs) and monitoring project health using them
    • Understanding the concept of “dark matter” – scope expansion
    • Understanding that dark matter is the biggest risk to any forecast and project schedule – typical ratios of dark matter mapped to project uncertainty and risky
  • Learning when and how to use the Kanban Cadences as feedback mechanisms to validate forecasting models and adjust them as necessary

Sie verstehen

    Understanding that there are two different sets of techniques needed for forecasting delivery of individual items versus aggregations – batches of work items such as projects and product MMFs (minimum marketable features)
  • Learning to forecast individual items:
    • Understanding lead time distributions and how delay contributes to the tail of the distribution and hence the lack of predictability on individual delivery
    • Understanding how to simulate delay and forensic analysis of lead time distributions
    • Understanding patterns and shapes of lead time distributions
    • Based on the approximate shape of a distribution, how many data points are required to have a sufficient sample and confidence in a forecasting model
    • Using Kanban “dive charts” to determine SLAs (service level agreements)
Traditional deterministic planning – analysis, decomposition and fine-grained, often time-based estimation – is part of the reason the Agile movement happened. Yet, in the pragmatic real-world, customers and other stakeholders still need plans and forecast delivery dates and commitments. Agile guidance to address these real-world concerns haven’t been fit-for-purpose: overly simplistic techniques based on metrics such as velocity have been failing product owners and scrummasters the world over. In response to this gap, two alternative paths have emerged: do it harder, deeper, and with greater intensity – get better at estimating; and at the opposite end, the #noEstimates movement. A lot of mumbo-jumbo, hockus-pockus, and pseudo-mathematical black magic and witchcraft has entered the Agile planning domain. In this 1-day class developed by one of Kanbanland’s expert mathematician, Alexei Zheglov, we offer you a fact-based, scientific approach to planning projects and customer deliverables in a lightweight and agile fashion using the mathematics of probability and risk management. You will learn to produce robust, mathematically sound, defensible forecasts and plans, using the minimal of effort. You’ll leverage real historical data to make better plans. You’ll learn just how many historical data points you need to forecast with confidence. You’ll learn the mathematical and scientific basis for every practice you’ll use. Learn to plan like pro, make promises you can keep and lead projects with confidence!

Who Should Attend?

This class is for anyone who is held accountable and responsible for customer deliveries and deliverables. If you have to make promises and commitments on scope, schedule and budget then this class is for you. It is appropriate for anyone with the following role: Project Manager, Delivery Manager, Program Manager, Portfolio Manager, Product Owner, Scrum Master or Release Manager. This class is useful for anyone who wants to understand how to use existing historical data to make better plans and forecasts and for people who need to make promises they can keep and commitments in which they can have full confidence.


There are no specific prerequisites for this class. It is recommended that attendees have a business background or a role in marketing, strategic planning or portfolio management, or a background in project, program and portfolio management. Some prior exposure to statistical methods and the mathematics of probabilistic systems may be useful. Experiencing working in the travel or hospitality industries where use of similar reservation systems is commonplace will prove useful


The training will be held in English language.

  • 08:30am Welcome, Registration and Coffee

  • 09:00am (sharp) Class starts

    • Two modes: individual items and aggregate collections such as projects
      • The morning will be dedicated to forecasting and expectation setting for individual items
      • The afternoon to aggregated to forecasting deliveries of collections of work such as projects
    • Understanding lead time distributions
    • Using the delay simulator to reverse-engineer fake charts
    • Developing forensic analysis skills for real charts
    • Patterns and shapes of lead time distributions
    • How many data points do you need to have confidence in a model?
    • Using Kanban “diver charts” to set expectations and define Service Level Agreements (SLAs)

  • 12:30pm Lunch break (one hour)

    • Understanding mode, median and mean
    • Mediocristan versus Extremistan
    • The importance on the exponential function
    • Three regions of interest: Pareto; Super-exponential; Gaussian
    • Napkin forecasts and sanity checks: using Little’s Law (and when it isn’t appropriate)
    • The super-exponential zone: how to manage your projects to keep you in the forecasting sweetspot (and reduce risk)
    • Monitoring project health using Cumulative Flow Diagrams (CFDs) and lead time distribution functions
    • “Dark matter” and why it is your biggest risk
    • Rules of thumb: observed ratios of dark matter against observable project risks
    • Using Kanban Cadences as feedback mechanisms to validate forecasting models and adjust them based on observed real-world data
    • Discussion: Insights from today’s lessons. How will you use what you’ve learned today? What will you change? How might you integrate the ideas with things you already do? What are the actionable, pragmatic ideas you are taking away and intend to implement? What impediments do you see to adoption? What will the benefits be, if you can switch to this mathematically robust approach to forecasting? What impediments do you foresee to introduction and gaining traction for this style of forecasting?

  • Around 05:30pm Closing
In between two breaks with refreshments: one in the morning, one in the afternoon

David J. Anderson

David J. Anderson ist Chairman von Lean Kanban Inc., einem Management-Trainings-, Verlags- und Veranstaltungsplanungsunternehmen mit Sitz in Seattle, das über seine Marke Lean Kanban University weltweit tätig ist. David ist Pionier der Kanban-Methode, um die Erbringung von professionellen Dienstleistungen, immateriellen Gütern, Kreativ- und Wissensarbeitern zu fördern und zu verbessern, welche von IT-Dienstleistungen bis hin zu Werbeagenturen, Architekturbüros und PR-Unternehmen reichen. Er ist der Schöpfer von Enterprise Services Planning und dem Fit For Purpose Framework für Unternehmensstrategie, Marktforschung, Marktsegmentierung, Produktmanagement und Servicedesign. Er ist beliebter Keynote-Speaker auf Konferenzen auf der ganzen Welt und Autor oder Co-Autor von sechs Büchern, darunter der internationale Bestseller "Kanban - Successful Evolutionary Change for your Technology Business".


Training price: EUR 1.100,-- excl. taxes. as a base price for the training
Early Bird discount: EUR 50,-- discount on the training price if the registration is made online and no later than 30 days before the first day of the training (see also our General Training Conditions). The early bird discount can be combined with other discounts.
Group discount:

EUR 50,-- discount per delegate on the training price if you register a group of 3 or more people of your organization for the same training online. Please use the option to add additional participants in our online registration form. The group discount is combinable with other discounts.

For discounts for larger groups please get in touch with us!

Series disount: 500,-- for booking the whole series of APPS classes. Please get in touch with us!
The price includes all services as laid out here in. The training venue, catering/lunch or optional travel expenses for the participants have to be provided/paid by the remitter. Domestic travel expenses for the trainer however are included in the price. For a detailed quote please contact us.
Certificate of attendance

Do you want more solutions?

5-day all inclusive APPS Series
  • Better KPIs: Metrics for Meaningful Organizational Behavior
  • Clear Product Requirements
  • Managing Large Backlogs
  • Managing Dependencies for Enterprise Agility
  • Forecasting Projects and Customer Deliveries

Im Training enthalten

The Agile Pain Point Solutions (APPS) Series is a collection of 1-day classes that cut straight to the challenges people have been reporting to us for over a decade. Offering simple, yet powerful answers, each class gives you new skills and insights with which to address an aspect of Agile adoption that is poorly addressed in conventional literature.

  • “As a business, we measure the wrong things and our culture isn’t suitable for Agile adoption, how can we fix it?”
  • “We struggle to write small, fine-grained requirements, can you help us get better at it?”
  • “Prioritization is painful, time-consuming and stressful. We have a huge backlog. Can you help us get better at prioritizing?”
  • “We struggle to scale Agile because of dependencies. How can we identify them earlier and manage our capacity better? Dependency management feels like ‘Big Planning Up-front’”
  • “We aren’t good at estimating; can you help us get better at it?”

Are these familiar problems to you? Do you find your Agile advisors lay the blame with you? If only you followed established guidance better, harder, with greater diligence and intensity, then all would be well? The answers to these challenges always seem to be more elaborate, detailed, intense, and frustrating – big expensive meetings, more and more collaborators to coordinate, more detail, more complicated equations, more-and-more time: it all feels like you are going backwards, further and further from true agility.

For years, Kanban University has had truly elegant solutions to these problems, but they haven’t been easily accessible – buried inside our Enterprise Services Planning (ESP) 5-day training. Now, we are making these Agile Pain Point Solutions (APPS) available in easy to consume 1-day classes, specifically to address the problems and challenges our customers have been reporting to us for a decade.

If you are a product owner, or involved in Agile planning for your organization, then the Kanban APPS series will give you the skills to be successful and to deliver true organizational agility.